When writing for publication, always format citations according to the journal’s “Instructions for Authors”.
The citation examples given below suffice for most needs.
Jump to example of:
When the source material does not fit the most common examples, use these other resources provided by NLM:
Dossey L. Prayer, medicine, and science: the new dialogue. J Health Care Chaplain. 1998;7(1-2):7-37.
Rastan S, Hough T, Kierman A, and others. Towards a mutant map of the mouse--new models of neurological, behavioural, deafness, bone, renal and blood disorders. Genetica. 2004 Sep;122(1):47-9.
21st century heart solution may have a sting in the tail. BMJ. 2002;325(7357):184.
Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Hypertension, insulin, and proinsulin in participants with impaired glucose tolerance. Hypertension. 2002;40(5):679-86.
Barge FH. Torticollis. Davenport (IA): Bawden Bros; 1979.
Jawetz E, Brooks GF, Melnick JL and others. Jawetz, Melnick, & Adelberg's medical microbiology. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical; 2016
MacDonald WP, editor. Chiropractic peace. Norwalk (IA): Foundation for Chiropractic Education and Research; 2009.
Yochum TR, Rowe LJ. Yochum and Rowe's essentials of skeletal radiology. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2005. Chapter 8, Osteopetrosis; p. 765-771.
Rosner AL. Musculoskeletal disorders research. In: Redwood D, Cleveland CS, editors. Fundamentals of chiropractic. St. Louis: Mosby; 2003. p. 465-496.
Furton EJ, Dort V, editors. Addiction and compulsive behaviors. Proceedings of the 17th Workshop for Bishops; 1999; Dallas, TX. Boston: National Catholic Bioethics Center (US); 2000. 258 p.
Kaul S, Diamond GA. Good enough: a primer on the analysis and interpretation of noninferiority trials. Ann Intern Med [Internet]. 2006 Jul 4 [cited 2007 Jan 4];145(1):62-9. Available from: http://www.annals.org/cgi/reprint/145/1/62.pdf
Cunningham PJ, May JH. Medicaid patients increasingly concentrated among physicians. Tracking Reports [Internet]. 2006 Aug [cited 2007 Mar 20]:Report 16 [5 p.]. Available from: http://www.hschange.com/CONTENT/866/866.pdf
Richardson ML. Approaches to differential diagnosis in musculoskeletal imaging [Internet]. Version 2.0. Seattle (WA): University of Washington School of Medicine; c2000 [revised 2001 Oct 1; cited 2006 Nov 1]. Available from: http://www.rad.washington.edu/mskbook/index.html
American Public Health Association. Diabetes prevention fact sheet [Internet]. Washington, DC.: American Public Health Association. 2012 December [cited 2017 Apr 27]. Available from: https://www.apha.org/~/media/files/pdf/factsheets/diabetespreventionfactsheetfinal.ashx
Adapted from Patrias K, author; Wendling D, editor. Citing Medicine: The NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd edition. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007- [cited 2017 Apr 27].